He would then arrange all the Scripture references and thoughts he gets into an orderly format. He then develops his theme as fully and faithfully as possible. His objective is to tell his audience everything they should know on this important subject.

Of course, he may not be able to do this in one teaching session; so he will then prepare a series of messages or teachings on that same subject. This ensures a much fuller treatment of the topic.

The Topical Concordance in The Shepherd’s Staff is of immense value when preparing such a message. There, one can quickly find every Scripture reference relating to the topic concerned. A good reference Bible is also helpful. This will also enable you to follow a given theme throughout the Scriptures.

  1. Typical

This is the art of uncovering and communicating truth which is hidden beneath the surface of the various “types” in the Bible.

A “type” is a person, object or event which is prophetically symbolic of someone or something yet to come. It is similar to, and characteristic of, that person or event.

In its biblical application, it refers to a Bible character or event which foreshadows some future one.

For example, the Passover Lamb in Exodus is a type of Christ. Every detail of that paschal lamb spoke prophetically of the redemptive role Christ would fulfill as the “Lamb of God” (John 1:29). Every prophetic symbol was fulfilled when Christ died for the sins of the world.

Biblical types are often referred to as “shadows of things to come” (Heb 8:5; 10:1). Such persons and events are like a person walking with the sun behind him.  His body casts a shadow into the future, before him, portraying the shape of things to come.

The Law of God was a shadow of the good things to come. It represented, and was a shadow of, the better things which were to come in Christ (Heb 10:1).

The “holy days” of the Old Covenant were also shadows of things to come (Col 2:17). Those holy days were not complete in themselves. Part of the purpose of their fulfillment was to project a prophetic picture of things which were yet to come.

The interpretation and exposition of Bible types is a rather specialized task; it deserves the skill of those who are mature and knowledgeable in biblical subjects.

Novices should avoid attempting to preach from the more pro­found types, since unskilled interpretations can lead into all kinds of unfortunate error.

A deep and thorough knowledge of the whole Bible is essential to those who seek to expound the meaning of the types. Such teachings should be substantiated and undergirded by the whole Bible.

  1. Principles For Use. When you first attempt to teach from biblical types, please try to keep the following principles in mind:

a) Use Simpler Types. Begin with the simpler types, in which the implication is very obvious.

b) Keep To Broader Interpretation. Never try to interpret every tiny detail of the type. Keep to the broader outline of truth.