As pastors and leaders in the Church, everything we say and do should be in agreement with the Bible, the Word of God (Gal 1:6-9; 2Tim 2:15). In the Bible are the words of life, and all that we need to know for a godly life in Christ Jesus. In addition, all that we say and do should be for God’s glory alone (John 7:18; 1Thess 2:4-6).

THE THEME OF THE BIBLE

As with most books that we read or study, we first try to discern the theme. In finding the theme of the Bible, we will also discover the miraculous nature of the Bible.

The Bible has an incredible design. God used 40 different people with different backgrounds, literary styles and educations, spread out over 1,500 years of history. And yet there is still one unifying message of the Bible: mankind’s redemption. It is a theme running clearly from Genesis to Revelation. This theme is sometimes called the “scarlet thread of redemption,” a thread of Christ’s blood shed for us.

 COVENANTS

The redemption theme is most clearly understood when we see the Bible as God’s interaction with mankind through a series of eight primary covenants.

The word covenant is a word that has no exact parallel in modern times. The words contract, promise, will, or testament are similar. But they do not have the exact same meaning or significance as the biblical term covenant.

 COVENANT THEOLOGY

In the Bible, there are covenants between men, tribes and nations. The Bible is actually a record of many different covenants.

However, the most important covenants for us to study are the eight covenants that God made with man and mankind. They are:

  1. The Edenic Covenant: a Covenant of Innocence made with Adam before he sinned.
  2. The Adamic Covenant: a Covenant of Conscience made with mankind through Adam after “the Fall.”
  3. The Noahic Covenant: a Covenant of Human Government made with man through Noah.
  4. The Abrahamic Covenant: a Covenant of Promise made with man through Abram (Abraham).
  5. The Mosaic Covenant: a Covenant of Law made with man through Moses.
  6. The Palestinian Covenant: a Covenant made with man through Moses, which was a reaffirmation of the Covenant of Law and of the Abrahamic Covenant promise.
  7. The Davidic Covenant: a Covenant made with man reaffirming that the Christ, Messiah or Savior would come through the lineage of David the king and that Christ’s Kingdom would be eternal.
  8. The New Covenant: a Covenant of Grace made with mankind through Jesus Christ. This is the covenant in which we live today.

As we progress through this study, we will examine each of these eight covenants in greater detail.

 BLOOD COVENANTS

The most binding type of covenant was the Blood Covenants. This type of covenant was ratified or signed in blood. The study of this type of covenant is called Blood Covenant Theology.

The importance of blood in the biblical covenant process cannot be overlooked, as we examine the covenants between God and man.

  1. Blood of animals was shed by God in the Garden of Eden when He provided covering (clothing) for Adam and Eve, after they disobeyed God and ate the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil (Gen 3:21).
  2. Blood of animals was shed when animals became available to eat through the Noahic Covenant (Gen 9:3,4).
  3. Blood of man was shed in circumcision as a sign of the covenant through Abraham (Gen 17:10,11).
  4. Blood of animals was shed in the sacrificial system of the Old Testament Mosaic law (examples are found in Leviticus Chapter 14 and Numbers Chapter 19).
  5. Blood of the Lamb of God was shed by the perfect sacrifice, our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ (John 1:29, Eph 2:13, Heb 9:14).

BECAUSE LIFE IS IN THE BLOOD