In the Bible are many examples of a powerful person coming to the aid of a weaker one because of the covenant principle. This principle gives the weaker person the authority to call upon and receive the power of the stronger one because of the promises made in covenant agreement.

In Genesis Chapter 14, Lot (Abram’s nephew) chose to leave the physical protection and covering of Abram and move to the region of Sodom. Sometime later, a war broke out (v9). The region in which Lot lived was conquered and of course “to the victor goes the spoils.” The cities, including Lot’s, were plundered of all their wealth (v11).

But the conquering kings made a fatal mistake; they took Lot captive (v12). Abram discovered what had happened: “Now when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his three hundred and eighteen trained servants who were born in his own house, and went in pursuit as far as Dan” (v14).

Because Lot was of Abram’s clan, Lot’s captivity set in motion the entire clan of Abram against their now common enemy. “So he brought back all the goods, and also brought back his brother Lot and his goods, as well as the women and the people” (v16). The weaker (Lot) received the power of the stronger (Abram) because of the covenant relationship between them.

This is a very important covenant principle for us as Christians. Because of the New Covenant we have with Christ, which was established by His own blood, we have the power and authority of Jesus released to us! This profound truth will be studied in more detail later in this teaching.


We have learned that an essential principle of covenants is exchange. This is an exchange of authority, power or material goods between the stronger party and the weaker party.

A successful covenant requires:

  • Both parties to understand the terms or conditions of the covenant.
  • A sincere desire (a right heart) of each party to fulfill their part in the covenant.

Obedience to the covenant has a better outcome than failure followed by sacrifices of repentance (1Sam 15:22). True obedience includes a genuine willingness of heart to obey (Isa 1:19), rather than a reluctance to obey or obedience due to fear.