2) To pray (salat). Muslims are required to pray five times per day, reciting certain portions of the Qu’ran at dawn, noon, mid afternoon, dusk, and two hours after sunset. They are to ritually wash themselves and pray facing toward Mecca. On Fridays, a noon service is held and Muslims are expected to attend.
3) To fast (sawn). Muslims memorialize Mohammed’s receiving of the Qu’ran during Ramadhan, the ninth month in the Muslim calendar. They are expected to abstain from eating, drinking, smoking and sexual relations during the daylight hours. After sundown, they may resume all these activities until sunrise.
4) To make the pilgrimage (Haji). All Muslims are required to make a trip to Mecca once in their lifetime (even if by proxy). They are to wear a white robe (to signify no status or class distinctions) during both the pilgrimage and the visit to several other sacred locations. While visiting the Ka’bah, pilgrims try to touch or kiss the Black Stone – a round medium sized rock, representing Allah.
5) To give alms (zakat). A Muslim is commanded to give one-fortieth (2.5%) of his income as an alms tax, primarily for the poor.
Beliefs of Christianity and Islam Contrasted
God -God is revealed in Scripture as a compound unity – One in essence yet three in Person: God the Father, God the Son, God the Holy Spirit; three Persons Who are co-eternal and coequally God (Matt 28: 19; 2 Cor 13:14).
Jesus -Jesus is the Second Person of the Trinity and is the Son of God born in the flesh. Jesus lived, Christ taught, performed miracles, declared the Gospel, suffered and died on the Cross to pay the price for mankind’s sin, rose from the dead, lives eternally, and will return again to earth as the King of kings and Lord of lords (John 1:1-18 ; 3:16; Acts 2:22-33).
Man –Man is created in the image of God, for the purpose of personal relationship with Him. After the Fall, man is now corrupted by sin and separated from God. Man is spiritually dead and not capable of doing good apart from God’s grace and saving faith in Christ (Gen 1:26,27; Eph 2:1,5,8-10).
Sin – Sin causes spiritual death. Sin is moral rebellion and willful serving of selfishness and resistance to God. Man is not capable of saving himself; no good works are enough to satisfy the requirements of a perfectly holy and just God (Eph 2:5, 8, 9).
Death of Christ -It was God’s foreordained plan to send Jesus to earth to die for the sins of all humanity. Jesus voluntarily gave His life for mankind. He actually died a physical death, was buried, and rose again on the third day after His death. He was resurrected in an immortal Body and was seen by hundreds of witnesses. Jesus’ sacrifice brought Him not dishonor, but the highest exaltation (1 Cor 15:3-7; 2 Tim 1:9; Rev 13:8).
Salvation –Salvation comes as a free gift given only through faith in Christ as the Son of God and Savior; salvation is not based on human effort, which is insufficient to satisfy an absolutely Holy God. The gift of salvation is offered by God because of Christ’s sacrifice on the Cross in our place. The born-again believer has assurance of salvation in this life through the indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit. God gives the free gift of salvation to all those who believe in Jesus Christ as Lord, because He loves all people of the world equally (John 3:16; Him 2:4; Rom 8:16,17).