Satan was quick to take the scepter – the royal rod for ruling-into his own hand. The authority, which had been given to man, was now taken over by Satan. Man found himself under the authority of the kingdom of darkness and death.

It seemed a s if a timeless tragedy had set in. Many things were lost by man as a result of his sin and disobedience:

  1. He lost his relationship as a beloved son.
  2. He lost his divine covering and God-given authority.
  3. He lost the beauty of God’s image in his life.
  4. He lost his destiny in God’s divine purpose.
  5. He lost his very life.



The first problem that our salvation must solve, then, is the question of sin. It is our sin that separates us from God’s holy will and purpose for our lives. We must understand why we are sinners and why we sin if we are to understand the greatness of our salvation.

This then raises two important questions:

  1. Are we sinners because we sin?
  2. Or, do we sin because we are sinners?

Theologians and Scripture scholars have been debating these questions for centuries. Yet a question this important should be clearly answered in the Bible.


The key to understanding the relationship between sin and the sinner can be found in Romans Chapter 5. Paul is talking about the origin of sin and how it affects each one of us. Listen to his words in Romans 5:12: “Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned.” The word “world” is the same as found in John 3:16: “For God so loved the world“It is from the Greek word kosmos, and refers to the human race. Paul is saying that as the head of the human race, Adam infected all mankind by his own sin. The result of this terrible infection by sin was both spiritual and physical death.

Paul explains this truth in this way. In the time between Adam and Moses no one was judged guilty for their sins, for the Law had not yet been given. However, they still died. Their death, therefore, could not be due directly to their sins, since there was no law to pass that judgment.

So, Paul reasons, their death must have been due to Adam’s sin. We were “in Adam” when he disobeyed God. Therefore, we suffer the penalty of that’s in because we are members of the Adamic (descendants of Adam)  race (Ps 51:5).

Here is the story in Paul’s own words: “Until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imparted when there is no law. Nevertheless, death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam…. By one man’s offense death reigned through the one…  By one man’s disobedience many were made sinners” (Rom 5:13,14,17-19).